The Romantic Movement was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe and strengthened in reaction to the Industrial Revolution. In part, it was a revolt against social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature. It was embodied most strongly in music, the visual arts and literature.
Characteristics often attributed to Romanticism, include a new preoccupation with nature, a fascination with the past, particularly the Middle Ages, a focus on the spiritual and the mystic, and a new attention to national identity.
Berlioz, Hector (1803 - 1869)
Brahms, Johannes (1833 - 1897)
Chopin, Frederic (1810 - 1849)
Elgar, Edward (1857 - 1934)
Liszt, Franz (1811 - 1886)
Verdi, Giuseppe (1813 - 1901)
Wagner, Wilhelm Richard (1813 - 1883)